Hatfield, Hertfordshire

Kearsley's Traveller's Entertaining Guide Through Great Britain (1803):

Hatfield, a market town. It was part of the revenue of the Saxon princes, till it was besieged by Edgar on the monastery of Ely. When that abbey was converted into a bishopric, it became the residence of the prelates, and hence called Bishop's Hatfield. The manor and palace were alienated from the crown in the reign of Elizabeth. William of Hatfield, second son of Edward III was born here. Queen Elizabeth resided here many years before she came to the throne. Here, in 1587, she was visited by queen Mary ; and hence, on her death, she was conducted to ascend the throne. James I exchanged this place for Theobalds with Sir Robert Cecil, afterwards earl of Salisbury. The present house was built by him. Charles the First was here when a prisoner to the army. In this house are several fine paintings. On the l. is Miller's-park, belonging also to the marquis of Salisbury. Two miles on the l. is Brocket-hall, viscount Melbourne.

Inn: Salisbury Arms.

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 Chapter 46 
After making every possible enquiry on that side London, Colonel F. came on into Hertfordshire, anxiously renewing them at all the turnpikes, and at the inns in Barnet and Hatfield, but without any success

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